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Crown Court Appeals

By: Lorna Elliott LLB (hons), Barrister - Updated: 12 Sep 2017 |
 
Court Of Appeal Criminal Crown Court

The Crown Court hears the more serious criminal cases in England and Wales. Like the Magistrates’ Court, there are two ways in which you can be convicted. Firstly if you admit your guilt in the Crown Court you will have a conviction. Alternatively, you can be convicted by a jury. A jury must be certain (so that they are sure) that you are guilty, before they can find you guilty of an offence. If your Crown Court case was an appeal against sentence or conviction from the Magistrates’ Court, you have no further right to appeal.

Court Procedure

After you are convicted, your defence lawyer must advise you as to the prospects of success of an appeal. A notice of appeal must be given to the criminal division of the Court of Appeal within 28 days of the decision you are appealing. In some circumstances, such as if you have been found guilty after a trial and the trial judge has ordered that reports should be prepared for your sentencing hearing, you may need to provide notice of your decision to appeal your conviction before you are actually sentenced.

Further, these types of appeals from the Crown Court to the Court of Appeal are not re-hearings. The Court of Appeal considers submissions from counsel, which can be given orally or in writing. An appeal can be against conviction or sentence but, unlike appeals from the Magistrates’ Court to the Crown Court, there is no automatic right to appeal save for in two limited circumstances:

  • if the sole ground(s) for your appeal involve(s) a question of law only
  • in exceptional cases, the trial judge in the Crown Court may certify that the case is fit for appeal

Obtaining Leave to Appeal

In order to appeal, you are required to obtain ‘leave’ (permission) from the Court of Appeal. In the first instance, you apply for leave to appeal to a single judge who will consider your request on the papers alone. If this is refused, you can apply in front of the full court. However if this application (either on paper or verbally in front of the full court) is refused the court has the power to direct that the time you have spent in prison to date has not counted towards your sentence, lengthening the amount of time you will have to spend in prison.

Appeal Against Conviction

The Court of Appeal will only overturn a conviction if they consider it to be ‘unsafe’. Appeals against conviction do not entitle the Court of Appeal to increase your sentence if they decide not to overturn your conviction, but they do have the power to order you to pay the prosecution costs if you are unsuccessful (this is generally rare, given that you have already sought and obtained permission from the Court to have your appeal heard.)

Appeal Against Sentence

The Court of Appeal will only re-sentence you if they consider that your sentence was either ‘wrong in principle’ (e.g. contrary to the law) or ‘manifestly excessive.’ However, it is not just the defence that can appeal against a sentence imposed at the Crown Court. If the prosecution considers that the judge gave you a sentence which was ‘unduly lenient’ they can also appeal to the Court of Appeal to ask them to give you a more hefty sentence. In these circumstances, however, the Court of Appeal often deducts a certain amount from the normal sentencing tariff because of the fact that the respondent (defendant) will now be facing a more weighty sentence than previously imposed.

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I've been convicted of failing to provide driver details, I was convicted in my absence due to a mix up in dates and I missed my crown court appeal due to my little lad being ill. Is there anything else I can do ? I've lost my job as my licence is revoked as a new driver and my grandfathers unable to leave the house as we have no other car
Callum - 12-Sep-17 @ 8:36 PM
Hannah - Your Question:
My partner was sentanced to 3 years on a drug charge. He wants to appeal but because he admitted it in the police station. Can they end up giving him longer? It's taken the police 10 months to charge him. I'm now pregnant, we now got our own home. & he started up a business. What can we do? Can they give him a bigger sentance on his first apeal?

Our Response:
You can appeal against your conviction, sentence or both if you pleaded not guilty at your trial. If you pleaded guilty, you can only appeal against your sentence. Please see link here , which will explain more.
CourtroomAdvice - 5-Sep-17 @ 10:00 AM
My partner was sentanced to 3 years on a drug charge. He wants to appeal but because he admitted it in the police station. Can they end up giving him longer? It's taken the police 10 months to charge him. I'm now pregnant, we now got our own home. & he started up a business. What can we do? Can they give him a bigger sentance on his first apeal?
Hannah - 4-Sep-17 @ 1:03 PM
Ross - Your Question:
I was convicted of GBH , 10 years ago after I was jumped by two guys when I finished work as a door supervisor. I'm now wanting to submit an application to the police force when my time in the army is up , can you tell me if I can get this conviction appealed against and taken off my record ?

Our Response:
Please see the gov.uk link here which will answer your question in full.
CourtroomAdvice - 24-Aug-17 @ 9:46 AM
I was convicted of GBH , 10 years ago after I was jumped by two guys when I finished work as a door supervisor ...... I'm now wanting to submit an application to the police force when my time in the army is up , can you tell me if I can get this conviction appealed against and taken off my record ?
Ross - 23-Aug-17 @ 12:17 AM
My sons appeal against his conviction and sentence was refused can he appeal again
Nicky - 5-Jul-17 @ 7:37 PM
Can your sentence be lengthened if it is you first offence in court my partner has been sent to prison and I don't think he had a fair trial his barrester said he could get a longer sentence by appealing but I have heard they don't do this on a first offence?
Me - 1-Jul-17 @ 1:20 AM
My husband was given a very harsh sentence for a drug crime - what is the process for him applying to appeal it representing himself?
Rocky - 11-May-17 @ 6:31 AM
Jake - Your Question:
My son has been sent down for 51/2 yrs for apparent child abuse, ie facing the wall, rough play' Throwing empty plastic bottles at them,cold baths. Apparent nothing drastic just over extended time. His ex partner had the children removed from her 7 yrs ago and placed into care where the courts decided she was never to have them back. She has held a grudge since and took my son to court after he gained responsibility for the children claiming all of these things and more including the children being behind in their education and developement. The social services gave the children back to her even though there is a court order to say she is nt to have them. When this went to court my sons solicitor gave barely any defence against anything that was said even when his ex was caught out lying in court. His ex stated that she was petrified of him yet he has phone messages from her asking if he wanted to come for tea ect but nothing that she said was questioned. The court has been allowed the impression that all the childrens problems were down to my son and nothing about what his ex put them through or the time when they were in care all at a very young age. He has now been in prison since the 23 rd March and his date runs out to appeal on the 13 th May. His solicitor knew he wanted to appeal but has made no contact with him other than at court for sentencing where he stated he d come and see him, and did nt, other than that he has sent a letter stating that he didnt see there was any reason to appeal and wanted to close the case. His new partner who has 5 young children one of which is only 3 months old (they are struggling ) has tried to contact him numerous times over the past week. Eventually he responded on fri gone and said he would go and see my son,but we 've lost all faith in him and worried my sons chance of appeal is going to come and go and hes stuck with this seriously wrong sentance. Hes getting legal aid and wants to change solicitor but we have been told hes not allowed to transfer this. Any help or advice would be greatly appreciated especially as to whether you think theres any grounds to appeal. iVe spoke to another solicitor about how much it would be to change solicitor but they said it would be about £4-5,000 just to have his case looked at.

Our Response:
I'm afraid this is beyond our remit to advise. You would have to seek further professional legal guidance.
CourtroomAdvice - 8-May-17 @ 2:42 PM
My son has been sent down for 51/2 yrs for apparent child abuse, ie facing the wall, rough play' Throwing empty plastic bottles at them,cold baths. Apparent nothing drastic just over extended time. His ex partner had the children removed from her 7 yrs ago and placed into care where the courts decided she was never to have them back. She has held a grudge since and took my son to court after he gained responsibility for the children claiming all of these things and more including the children being behind in their education and developement. The social services gave the children back to her even though there is a court order to say she is nt to have them. When this went to court my sons solicitor gave barely any defence against anything that was said even when his ex was caught out lying in court. His ex stated that she was petrified of him yet he has phone messages from her asking if he wanted to come for tea ect but nothing that she said was questioned. The court has been allowed the impression that all the childrens problems were down to my son and nothing about what his ex put them through or the time when they were in care all at a very young age. He has now been in prison since the 23 rd March and his date runs out to appeal on the 13 th May. His solicitor knew he wanted to appeal but has made no contact with him other than at court for sentencing where he stated he d come and see him, and did nt, other than that he has sent a letter stating that he didnt see there was any reason to appeal and wanted to close the case. His new partner who has 5 young children one of which is only 3 months old (they are struggling ) has tried to contact him numerous times over the past week. Eventually he responded on fri gone and said he would go and see my son,but we 've lost all faith in him and worried my sons chance of appeal is going to come and go and hes stuck with this seriously wrong sentance. Hes getting legal aid and wants to change solicitor but we have been told hes not allowed to transfer this. Any help or advice would be greatly appreciated especially as to whether you think theres any grounds to appeal. iVe spoke to another solicitor about how much it would be to change solicitor but they said it would be about £4-5,000 just to have his case looked at.
Jake - 7-May-17 @ 11:23 PM
My appeal against 2 convictions was upheld. What happens now? The first conviction was quashed without opposition by the crown court immediately. The second one was quashed as it was false. The convicting judge had no choice but to convict as very little defence was presented to them by my defence team. What happens now. Will the court who convicted me have to return my court costs? If so how do I reclaim them? How do I get a refund and a complete breakdown of the bill from the lawyers who misrepresented me? Would it be better to just report the lawyers who repeated gave incorrect advice and poor representation so they can't do this to anyone else? Please help. Thank you in advance.
The Imp - 13-Mar-17 @ 1:06 AM
Hi. If somone got sent down for manslaughter and got 3years and cps appealed against it and got extra 18months can that person still get out on tag
bb - 27-Jan-17 @ 10:18 AM
My son was stabbed in May 2016 by two people known to him. My son is profoundly deaf and is speech is not always clear to people who don't know him. When he was taken in the ambulance the police mistook a statement and misheard him, he was incoherent as he had lost a lot of blood and was in pain. Different police interviewed him whilst in hospital again without an interpreter and took his evidence down wrong. He was interviewed later with an interpreter on video. This week the trial took place, on Monday the prison service forgot to deliver the prisoner so it was delayed. On Tuesday they took the defendant to the wrong court, another days delay. On Wednesday it took numerous hours to get the video evidence and the court was only available for a couple of hours and they cut his evidence short. The defence barrister used the lack of consistency by the police to get him him off. Three people lied on oath that the accused didn't go out all day even though police evidence proved that he did. My son knows who stabbed him but because of his deafness he wasn't believed, is there anything he can do?
LAT - 2-Dec-16 @ 7:55 PM
Hi. I would be grateful for your advice on Crown Court appeal costs. I received a road traffic conviction at magistrates for speeding (35mph in a 30). I pleaded guilty from the outset explaining I was riding a new motorbike home for the first time and was getting used to it. I pleaded online only to receive 3 points; £164 fine; £85 costs and £30 victim surcharge. I am appealing the sentence as feel it unfairly excessive (when all conducted online with no physical court hearing) - particularly the victim surcharge. Especially in light of my genuine mitigation (supported by the motorbike dealer) and circumstances. What are likely Crown Court costs if my appeal is unsuccessful? And is the above sentence fair and inline with current guidelines? Many thanks Kenny
Kenny - 6-Nov-16 @ 11:59 AM
We had court case where accused flew in front door of my daughters boyfriends flat..knocking her younger 11 yr old sister into doir frame. We asked her to stay put as we had solisitor letter stating she didnt own the flat her.. argument. She knocked my older daughter out way and followed me took swing and punched my face then threw papera all overkitchen..i grabed her and struggled with her to get her out . Her friend came in and said to leave her and we told her to leave. I threw accused out. Pokice had been called by neighbour who took statements from myself and okder daughter but nit my 11 yr old. At court she was foung guikty of assualt to myself breach peace threatning behaviour and assault to injury as my 11 yr oldhad collar bone broken.But id dindt know at time was 3 days later qe went to hospital when pain got worse and xray confirmed..she has now appealed all of her convictions which im raging about as she got of lightly with sentencing and had to pay costs to my 11 yr old. How good are her chances ..
Lesley - 3-Nov-16 @ 6:25 PM
What are my chances of getting acquitted of a molestation offence when there was no evidence against me and a witness said he saw nothing. The appeal in front of the first appeal judge agreed that the witness saw no reaction on her face but stated that she did not have to show any reaction to a grope for me to have molested her I was found guilty only because my accuser was over emotional in the witness box
dj - 1-Nov-16 @ 9:21 AM
Hi All, I was convicted in magistrate court for breach of no molestation order and I appealed against this decision in crown court where decision again against myself now I want to go for any upper court, please advise how and where I can do this thanks
jvdak - 8-Sep-16 @ 3:40 PM
ste - Your Question:
Hi my partner had postnatal depression which went undiagnosed despite visits to the doctors and talks with health visitor. Later that year my partner tried to commit suicide by setting fire to a bin in her council house living room. This attempt failed as the fire didnt spread and neighbours contacted emergency services. A year later and her depression and moods had gotten really bad I had moved out and appealed to housing association to remove her from the property before she does harm, at the time I had also begged health service and police to help as she was out of control. her 16 year old sister had moved in and had her spending all her money on drink and parties. This I tried to tell people contributed to her second attempted suicide by setting a fire in the living room. This time she was hospitalised and caused a substancial amount of damage to living room. There was no structural damage and no damage to other properties even though semi detached.A stint at a mental health assesment centre did her no good as she met a fellow patient who took advantage of her need for self destruction and went off.Eventually when she had ran out of places to stay, I got a place for us to stay as a family. She was still not well and refused a solicitor and pleaded guilty to arson with wreckless endangerment.She ended up getting 3 years. During this time I visited with the kids every week. Even after being released on tag she still wasnt right and ended up breaking her tag and being sent back inside. She was finally released September 2014 and sent to live in a womens hostel, it was during this time I discovered she had been put back on the same anti depressants she had been on the two times she had tried to commit suicide.Whilst in the hostel and on this medication again she tried to slit her throat!She was sent back to prison and only by begging the prison medical team did she manage to get help and a diagnosis. she was given the correct medication and has since been released and is seeing a psychiatrist. She is now ready to look for work but feels she has no future in work because of her conviction. How can she appeal to have this overturned?

Our Response:
I am sorry to hear this. She could try the Prince's Trust here.
CourtroomAdvice - 6-Sep-16 @ 2:01 PM
Hi my partner had postnatal depression which went undiagnosed despite visits to the doctors and talks with health visitor. Later that year my partner tried to commit suicide by setting fire to a bin in her council house living room. This attempt failed as the fire didnt spread and neighbours contacted emergency services. A year later and her depression and moods had gotten really bad i had moved out and appealed to housing association to remove her from the property before she does harm, at the time i had also begged health service and police to help as she was out of control. her 16 year old sister had moved in and had her spending all her money on drink and parties. This i tried to tell people contributed to her second attempted suicide by setting a fire in the living room. This time she was hospitalised and caused a substancial amount of damage to living room. There was no structural damage and no damage to other properties even though semi detached. A stint at a mental health assesment centre did her no good as she met a fellow patient who took advantage of her need for self destruction and went off. Eventually when she had ran out of places to stay, i got a place for us to stay as a family. She was still not well and refused a solicitor and pleaded guilty to arson with wreckless endangerment. She ended up getting 3 years. During this time i visited with the kids every week. Even after being released on tag she still wasnt right and ended up breaking her tag and being sent back inside. She was finally released September 2014 and sent to live in a womens hostel, it was during this time i discovered she had been put back on the same anti depressants she had been on the two times she had tried to commit suicide. Whilst in the hostel and on this medication again she tried to slit her throat! She was sent back to prison and only by begging the prison medical team did she manage to get help and a diagnosis. she was given the correct medication and has since been released and is seeing a psychiatrist. She is now ready to look for work but feels she has no future in work because of her conviction. How can she appeal to have this overturned?
ste - 5-Sep-16 @ 9:15 PM
My son has suffered with mental health and behaviour issues for a long time - he is 13. Due to his declining health he is prone to minor illness which has meant his school attendance is low. I do attend all school meetings and fulfill school obligations. I am very proactive around my sons condition. He has been assessed as requiring CAMHS tier 3 clinical intervention and we are awaiting an appointment. School has decided that it is appropriate to prosecute due to his low attendance - they have gone straight for crime and disorder act section 8.1.d education attendance and haverequested a parenting order. Obviously there are many repercussions to having a conviction and as a paramedic my livelihood is unfairly at risk. I was badly advised by a criminal solicitor to plead guilty so I could gain access to extra resources for my son. I now know this is not so. The court are asking for my input regarding the parental order - it is evident it's not appropriate but I've pleaded guilty so I was convicted. At the sentencing I intend to change my plea because of prior bad advisement and I want to request an education support order which should have been consider prior to going to court. Are there any cases in this instance whereby a conviction has been overturned at sentencing due to bad advisement and improper referral by the LA and school. I cannot get legal aid so I must represent myself and I would like to be able to cite relevant cases to help my plea. I'm wondering if I can get this conviction overturned at sentencing rather than having to go to appeals court. With kind regards Rachel
Mum - 4-Sep-16 @ 2:45 PM
caffers - Your Question:
Hello I'm very new to all this appealing my boyfriend Waa convicted of murder and got a life sentence with a minimum of 22 year's and as I sat through court me and his family and his solicitors all saw that to should be manslaughter because what happened was he set fire to a car and to went wrong and killed 3 people my boyfriend pleaded not guilty to murder but put a plea in for manslaughter he and his solicitor have appealed they appealed in February.of this year 2016 and still not heard anything back was wondering how long it takes to hear that they have accepted his appeal he has not appealed to change the length of sentence he has appealed against the conviction can anyone help me please

Our Response:
You can see more via the gov.uk information here which may help answer your question. However, it's a difficult question to answer as it depends upon the complexity of the case.
CourtroomAdvice - 17-Aug-16 @ 9:50 AM
Hello I'm very new to all this appealing my boyfriend Waa convicted of murder and got a life sentence with a minimum of 22 year's and as I sat through court me and his family and his solicitors all saw that to should be manslaughter because what happened was he set fire to a car and to went wrong and killed 3 people my boyfriend pleaded not guilty to murder but put a plea in for manslaughter he and his solicitor have appealed they appealed in February.of this year 2016 and still not heard anything back was wondering how long it takes to hear that they have accepted his appeal he has not appealed to change the length of sentence he has appealed against the conviction can anyone help me please
caffers - 16-Aug-16 @ 1:00 AM
my son was given a 12 year life sentence for stabbing his girlfriends ex partner he was in bed asleep when he heard all this commotion he went down stairs and the former partner was hitting his girlfriend the children was hysterical he could not get the man off him and to cut a long story short he picked a knife up off the draining board they both tried to grab it the man already had two knives in his possestion and went to th house to cause harm to his ex partner we believe it was self defence or at the most manslaughter I told my son to plead not guilty because I wanted the story to be told and it was a terrible tragedy and a life has been lost but my son was in bed when are you allowed to protect the people in your home his barrister who was wonderful was very shocked at the result and his appealing for him at no cost my son is the most caring person there his he was even concerned how the victim must feel when he picked his children up the argument was not been about my son it was something she had done with one of his best friends all my son was trying to do was trying to protect the girl and the children
debs - 15-Aug-16 @ 9:47 AM
My Son was givin a life sentence for a robbery which he guuiused a knife but didn't hurt anybody is this right he was 18 at the time his solicitor WAs no good eitherwhich didn't help told him too go guilty then after said he shouldn't of as their was so many loop holes
Mee - 8-Aug-16 @ 4:24 AM
I hasn't any conviction or any issue with law at all in UK and I'm living here for over 11 years. All was going well since last year may when I decided to appeal parking ticket which was issue incorrectly. Unfortunately council didn't agree with me and instead I have been visited by three bailiffs, twice n custody, twice in court where in first one I didn't get legal aid(5 application failed) and second I was cleared from all charges bailiff made against me. Third bailiffs visited me exactly 7 hours before the company who employed them has stand in court with me. Of course there is police which I have contacted them on every single occasion but they respond that is civil matter and they cannot do anything but few minutes later they arrive because bailiff called them, coughing me and takes to custody where I still wait for respond from them for corruption. Since the trial was ended in court police has uphold my complain and start investigation of my complain. The third time was the hardest for me braking my mental health and finances. In results of that I landed sleeping in my car and working since end of March this year till today, scared to go to public places, stressed, destroyed... since police start investigate my complain I become more visible for police where for over 10 years living in UK I hasn't have a single stop and check by police. With ongoing stops and searches one morning I was wake up on services station on m25 by two police officers which they said they smell cannabis and make search the car with results of finding some drugs. I was arrested and realise on simple caution. This has caused increase of stops and searches by police officers, 2-3weeks later I was driving omotorway m25 where on the side of the road was stand same police officer who search me at service station and as last time he again smell cannabis and found what he was looking for. Arrested ,blood sample taken and charge made against me, realise by bail and sing in every week on police station. This has escalated attention by police to more stops and searches to even 3-4 times a day.2 weeks later same officer who arrested me twice made third stop and search but this time he didn't found anything and he didn't feel cannabis at all but he was well informed of my complain against police for harassment.case went to court and due to advice by duty solicitor I plead guilty, banned from driving for 12 months and fines £445. Of course this time is well they made mistake in court files, my address was incorrect, detail of police officer who stopped me was untrue and charges against me has been written incorrectly but none of this has been taken to consideration that something is wrong with the case. Court should take my license away but didn't, correspondence is send to different address, my details in DVLA data base are state no conviction and no penalty points and I continue to drive having my licence in my pocket. I can just say that all Guvarment organisation
Bali - 20-Jul-16 @ 1:54 PM
In July. 2011, I was Charged with ABH and Affray I pleadedguilty to these, My barrister tried to get my ABH reduced to assault, but the CPS pushed and got GBH so I was convicted of GBH, ABH & Affray at Crown court.I was given a 20 month sentence 5 months of which I spent in Prison. My crime was against a single individual. My question is can you commit both ABH & GBH upon the same person at the same time?
Bingosbro - 27-Jun-16 @ 10:02 PM
Hi I am looking for help regarding my partner he was convicted of conspiracy by a jury back in Feb 2016 after a number of errors from his previours barrister at this moment we have lots of new eveidence and information and loged his Appeal but we are looking for a barrister to help us more as we are not legally trained. The reason we have loged his appeal with out the backing of his past leagl team is we felt we had no trust in them.
Leanne - 26-Jun-16 @ 1:18 PM
JamesV - Your Question:
In 2007 I was convicted for downloading child images.I pleaded guilty and received a one year sentence suspended for two years plus two years probation and a TVSOP.I also got put on the SOR for 10 years with a SOPO which is until further notice.I am coming up to the 10 year mark but the SOPO will make me carry on signing until it ends.Can I fight this so both my SOPO and signing ends after 10 years? Thank you.

Our Response:
Due to the nature of your conviction, you would have to seek legal advice regarding this.
CourtroomAdvice - 14-Jun-16 @ 2:33 PM
In 2007 I was convicted for downloading child images.I pleaded guilty and received a one year sentence suspended for two years plus two years probation and a TVSOP.I also got put on the SOR for 10 years with a SOPO which is until further notice.I am coming up to the 10 year mark but the SOPO will make me carry on signing until it ends.Can I fight this so both my SOPO and signing ends after 10 years? Thank you.
JamesV - 13-Jun-16 @ 9:42 PM
Hi, my partner was given leave to appeal and his hearing is next week at the court of appeal. if he is given a suspended sentence will he be released the same day or have to go back to prison to sign release papers etc?
AdorePrincess - 8-Jun-16 @ 2:58 PM
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