Home > Different Courtrooms > What Happens at the Coroner's Court?

What Happens at the Coroner's Court?

Author: Lorna Elliott LLB (hons), Barrister - Updated: 14 September 2012 |
 
Coroner Inquest Post Mortem Verdicts

A coroner is a specially trained doctor or lawyer who in certain circumstances investigates the cause of someone’s death. The coroner becomes involved after a death in the following circumstances: if the death was violent, in suspicious circumstances, in prison or police custody, was caused by an industrial disease, while a patient was having an operation, or if the deceased was not previously ill or had not seen a doctor within 14 days before the death, or the cause of death is unknown or uncertain.

The Post Mortem

In such situations, a post-mortem operation is usually necessary to establish the cause of death. One of the deceased’s doctors can ask relatives for this permission. Alternatively permission is not required for the coroner to order this to take place, although the family’s interests can be represented by a doctor at the post-mortem. If the post-mortem examination does not reveal the cause of death, or in certain other circumstances (industrial disease, violent or unnatural death, or death in prison) there will be an inquest.

The Inquest

An inquest is a hearing that determines the cause of someone’s death. This hearing is held in public. Whether or not there is a jury will depend on the interests of the relatives and whether a jury is ‘in the public interest’. Generally, an inquest will be heard by a jury if the death occurred at work, in police custody or prison or if there is a risk that further deaths could occur in similar circumstances to the death in issue. It is important to note that an inquest is not a trial. An inquest establishes the identity of the deceased; how, where and when the death occurred but not who (if anyone) was responsible for it. Blame for the death is determined at a trial in the applicable civil or criminal court, not at the inquest.

The coroner has to inform certain people about the inquest: the next of kin, whether a husband, wife, civil partner or other person, and (if applicable) the personal representative.

Court Proceedings and the Inquest

If there is likely to be a claim for compensation (e.g. death after an accident at work or on the road) it is important that the relatives are legally represented at the inquest. If there are criminal charges to be heard in relation to the death, the inquest should normally be determined prior to the court proceedings. The criminal proceedings may be in the Magistrates’ Court (for example, in relation to a charge for careless driving) or in the Crown Court (for example, for a charge of murder or manslaughter) or be subject to an appeal in one of the higher courts. The inquest is not dependent on the outcome of civil proceedings, although evidence given at the inquest or in criminal proceedings may be of assistance in subsequent civil claims for compensation.

In order to determine the circumstances surrounding a person’s death the coroner may require witnesses to be called to give their account at the inquest. These witnesses must attend, and can face penalties for not attending.

Hearing & Verdicts

A coroner will generally open an inquest and adjourn it for the police and other authorities to gather evidence and other information about the circumstances surrounding the death. The hearing is held at a later stage. Once the coroner or the jury if applicable has determined the facts surrounding the death.

The verdicts that a coroner can return are:

  • accident
  • suicide
  • unlawful or lawful killing
  • industrial disease
  • natural causes
  • open verdicts are returned if there has not been sufficient evidence to prove any other verdict.

Is There a Right to Appeal?

If you disagree with the outcome of the inquest, there are certain circumstances in which you can challenge the coroner’s decision or verdict. An application for judicial review can be made within 3 months of the inquest, but this is a specialist procedure which requires consultation with a lawyer. A fresh inquest can be held at any time.

You might also like...
Leave a Comment, Ask for Advice or Share Your Story...
Why not be the first to leave a comment, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopfully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • piko1er
    Re: Police and Court Bail
    i got arrested for fraud mail for applying credit card on someone name to his adress last month but the police didnt find nothing on me but…
    24 November 2014
  • Peppac
    Re: Police and Court Bail
    I've lost my bail letter and can't not make bail tomorrow How and who do I ring to speak to , without bail refence ?
    24 November 2014
  • Terry
    Re: Breach of Court Order: What Steps to Take Next?
    Help. I've just been to court to attend a breach of contact order againstt my ex wife. The judge…
    24 November 2014
  • laila
    Re: What Happens at an Immigration Hearing?
    CAN SOMEONE GIVE ME SOME ADVICE PLEASE.I had applied for spouse visa in January 2014.ctober2014 refusal ?? so I had…
    23 November 2014
  • Diz
    Re: Pleading Guilty and the Courts
    My boyfriend was on a night out and when a guy ran up to him he hit him. He only hit him once but because it was a quick…
    23 November 2014
  • nonymouse
    Re: Make a Claim in the Small Claims Court
    Hi, I paid a deposit up front of quite a few thousand pounds (in cash) for some building work. The builder delayed a…
    23 November 2014
  • Rich
    Re: Your Rights on Arrest
    Just wondering if someone has been charged with drunk driving and consequently released on bail awaiting sentencing/judgement, would they…
    22 November 2014
  • Seb
    Re: Make a Claim in the Small Claims Court
    @Meiz - a lot depends on the hotel, if it's a very cheap one then really you get what you pay for. If it's a chain…
    21 November 2014
  • Meiz
    Re: Make a Claim in the Small Claims Court
    Hi, I recently booked to stay with a hotel for 2 nights, although on arriving within the hotel I was rather unhappy…
    21 November 2014
  • CourtroomAdvice
    Re: Police and Court Bail
    @Summer - Not turning up to court is a criminal offence (under s6 Bail Act). For your own safety, you should report it to the police if you…
    21 November 2014
Further Reading...
Our Most Popular...
Add to my Yahoo!
Add to Google
Stumble this
Add to Twitter
Add To Facebook
RSS feed
You should seek independent professional advice before acting upon any information on the CourtroomAdvice website. Please read our Disclaimer.